Two thousand years ago, Jesus planted a twig, from the tree of Judaism, in Palestine. Today, the twig has grown into a big tree called Christianity, which is the most widely practised religion today. Around one-third population of the earth is Christian.
The New Testament is the core scripture of Christians and has guided them during the last two thousand years. This is a collection of Christian literature and has 27 books named after their authors: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, etc. Most authors were the disciples of Jesus; they transcribed these books within a few decades after the demise of Jesus. They precisely documented the life story, teachings and miracles of Jesus. Despite certain dissimilarities, all the books have narrated a common story. The authors wrote these in Greek, not in Aramaic—the language spoken by Jesus and his disciples. After thirteen hundred years, scholar John Wycliffe translated the Bible into English.
According to the Bible, the angel Gabriel visited a virgin named Mary and informed that God had chosen her to bear His Son. Thus, Mary gave birth to Jesus by God’s miracle. Historians know very little about the early life of Jesus and do not know the exact year of his birth. It is believed that Jesus was born within three years of his popularly accepted year of birth—the zero year of the Gregorian calendar.
Historians believe that Jesus was the son of Joseph and Mary of Nazareth, a town near Jerusalem. Even during adolescence, Jesus was a thoughtful boy and preferred to participate in philosophical discussions rather than play boyish games. At the age of twelve, his parents took him to the Temple of Jerusalem.
Jesus worked as a faith healers and performed various miracles. He became famous and finally Roman priests crucified him. Why did the Jews crucify Jesus? He was not guilty of a particularly terrible crime; he simply wished to reform Judaism. He never denounced the Jewish God, Yahweh; rather, he claimed himself to be the Son of God.
In fact, Jesus was a successful priest-doctor and a moral teacher. It was only after his death, that he was designated as Christ, prophet, Messiah or the Son of God. The famous resurrection established Jesus as Christ for millennia to come. The crucifixion of Jesus killed a noble man, but created Jesus Christ—the most popular god to date. The purpose of the crucifixion was not to kill Jesus, but to denounce him as a common person. The Jews wished to prove that he was not the Son of God and wanted to kill the Messiah only, and not Jesus. The Jews committed a grave mistake since the consequence of their act was just the opposite of what they had wished for. They killed Jesus and gave birth to a Messiah.
Jesus was a great man with immense foresight. His principle ‘Do unto others as you would have them do unto you’ was an excellent philosophy. It sums up the message of all religions in the least possible words. To date, it is mandatory in order to continue all human relations.
Emperor Constantine was the first king who popularized Christianity; until his time, Romans worshiped the sun. Constantine himself joined the religion and made it the official religion of the state. Gradually, Christianity spread to other parts of Europe and ultimately the whole world. During the last two thousand years, Christians ruled and converted most of the world. They believed that God revealed the Bible: this conviction designated the Bible as the most authentic book, and therefore, it guided a major population for a considerably period. The Bible and popes did not permit various scientific inventions, which disputed their teachings. For instance, the foray into medical science initiated by Hippocrates remained stationed for two millennia after the death of Galen. After Galen, the popes began to harass the efforts of medical researchers.
The core teaching of Jesus said: ‘Love all and do not kill even animals.’ His last words for the people crucifying him read: ‘Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.’ Thus, the basic teachings of Jesus were forgiveness and non-violence. He wished to make people kind, loving and considerate to each other; however, many Christians rarely followed his teachings. They fought countless wars just to establish their imperialism; they converted, exploited and even enslaved a major population of the world.
Christian priests, similar to the priests of other religions, made several ethical rules about sex; they were always concerned about denouncing any form of adultery. They took special heed to witchcraft, vampires and other satanic activities. On the contrary, they were hardly troubled with the bigger social evils such as slavery, injustice and the exploitation of women. In fact, many powerful people in history never followed the teachings of Buddha, Ram, Jesus or Muhammad; however, they built several myths about them and used those to attain power. Since time immemorial, people have been moulding their gods the ways that advance their own wishes.